What is Radio Spectrum Management?
Spectrum radio is used to bring wireless information for important and necessary services in our daily life such as radio, television, mobile phone, Wi-Fi, satellite, radar, etc.
As the demand for data usage increases, especially in mobile telecommunication systems, it means that the demand for more radio spectrum is also constantly increasing.
When spectrum radio is used extensively, the risk of interference between different services increases. This challenge has an important international scope because radio waves will not know the borders of nations, so services in one country may interfere with services available in the territories of neighboring countries.
In response, governments control the radio spectrum to:
- Ensuring adequate spheres for the services needed, as well as providing enormous socio-economic benefits
Encourage the use of spectrum efficiency, so this rare resource will be maximized.
- Minimize domestic and international radio frequency interference spectrum radio is a rare national resource, which is why each nation has sovereign control over how it is used. But there are several key benefits to adopting a jointly agreed upon international procedure. By using the same pay as well as the same conditions for different types of services in different countries, this procedure is called "harmonization". Interfere with international radio frequencies, reduce the cost of mobile devices and allow roaming.
The management of international radio spectrum is overseen by the Radio Department of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), a United Nations specialized agency in charge of communications and information technology.
Every four years, regulators / telecommunications authorities from around the world meet at the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to discuss and approve changes in radio regulations. ' Radio Regulations', which will show in detail which services are allocated to each frequency.
This critical process will allow governments to make more harmonized spectrum available for services that meet the growing needs of consumers. For example, one of the priorities of agenda items at WRC 2015 is to allocate more space for mobile broadband services to meet the growing demand for mobile data.
National Spectrum Radio Management:
Based on this comprehensive international framework, in particular the ITU Radio Regulations, national governments will decide which services will be allowed to operate on different pay frequencies. This is necessary because the ITU Radio Regulations are not legally binding in member states. It also allows governments to have a number of options for services that can be operated on a pay-as-you-go basis.
Governments detail their decisions in a legal document governing radio frequency spectrometry called the National Frequency Allocation Table (NFAT). Transactions in each frequency pay. Attachments (including levels of electromagnetic field scattering) as well as future plans for payment frequencies (such as changing the types of services that may potentially operate on those frequencies)
Once the NFAT table has been approved, national governments need to decide how to allocate radio spectrum to specific telecommunications service providers (such as mobile operators) in a manner that is fair, transparent and transparent. Reasonable.